RADIO PREMIUMS: 1938 - 1949

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the Wanderling

Between the eleven year span 1938 to 1949, under the marketing banner of the radio, comic book, and movie matinee serial hero Captain Midnight, there were close to, if not actually, nearly forty free Captain Midnight radio premium offers. The first offers, starting in 1938 and running through 1940, were given away in conjunction with the regular weekday radio program by the Skelly Oil Company. In 1940 Ovaltine began sponsoring the program and the premiums, although Captain Midnight oriented, were more-or-less a continuation of a whole series of Little Orphan Annie premiums that preceded them.

The first Captain Midnight Ovaltine radio premium was offered through the regular daily Captain Midnight script delivered over the radio Friday, November 15, 1940, and it wasn't a decoder, it was a pin. The pin, in the shape of a waving American flag, and supposedly exactly like the ones Captain Midnight gave to Chuck Ramsey and Joyce, was called The Captain Midnight American Flag Loyalty Badge. It shows up as No. 13 below. The first decoder wasn't to come until several months later, showing up as No. 14 below.

1. Flight Patrol Membership Card (1938-39), Skelly Oil

This was a wallet-sized card that indicated the holder was a member in good standing as a "Junior Pilot in the Captain Midnight Flight Patrol." It entitled the member to wear the Flight Patrol Badge (next item). The card contained a sketch of Captain Midnight's plane rounding a clock tower at midnight. There was also a code of honor that read:

"IS A JUNIOR PILOT OF THE CAPTAIN MIDNIGHT FLIGHT PATROL and is entitled to all Patrol privileges ... to wear the Captain Midnight Flight Patrol badge and participate in Patrol activities."

2. Flight Patrol Commander Brass Badge (1938-39), Skelly Oil

This was a small solid brass badge that displayed a banner at the top entitled "Flight Patrol Commander" and displayed the Skelly Logo as well as the twin-engine plane of Captain Midnight. When the membership card (item 1) was picked up, kids could then sign up for the Skelly man to order the badge.

3. The Flight Patrol Reporter (1938-39), Skelly Oil

A small newspaper which featured information on the cast of characters as well as clues to secret passwords were issued during the Skelly years.

4. Happy Landings Photos (1938-39), Skelly Oil

Autographed pictures of Captain Midnight, Chuck, and Patsy

5. Trick & Riddle Book (1938-39), Skelly Oil

6. Air Heroes Stamp Album

7. Treasure Map (1938-39), Skelly Oil


8. Ringo-Jumpo Game/Jumping Beans (1939), Skelly Oil

During the "Perada Treasure" episodes the Skelly dealer offered Mexican "jumping beans" along with an 8 X 10 piece of paper with a game that would allow the beans to "jump" and score depending upon where the beans landed.

9. Mysto-Magic Weather Forecasting Flight Patrol Badge (1939), Skelly Oil

This was a metal bronze-colored badge shaped like a propeller with the Skelly Logo. Behind the logo sat a piece of litmus paper that changed color as the weather conditions affected it.

10. Captain Midnight Ring (1939-1940), Skelley Oil

Skelley Oil may have brought out a Captain Midnight ring with what appears to be a red "V" or check mark on its crown. This ring is very rare and seldom seen. There are some premium photos showing the Captain brandishing a "secret ring." Pictures of the ring are shown in various collector bibles, some do not identify it as being from Captain Midnight; others do.

11. Flight Patrol Membership Card (1940), Skelly Oil

12. Captain Midnight Medal of Membership (1940), Skelly Oil


This premium was made of "burnished bronze medal" and was bigger than a quarter.

The front shows the Captain and his sidekicks, Patsy Donovan and Chuck Ramsay. Prominetely displayed is the password COBRALHOFA for decoding those all-important secret messages contained in each show.

On the back is a clock face pointing to midnight, plus the logo of his show's sponsor, Skelly Oil, and the legend "Medal of Membership, Captain Midnight Flight Patrol, 1940."

In addition to decoding messages, the Captain Midnight medal could be used as a decision-maker. The center of the propeller is raised, so if you spin the medal face-down, the clock hands on the back whirl around and eventually point in a particular direction. According to the radio ads, the decoder is an invaluable aid for those tough choices, like picking kids for your team.

Authorized reproductions were manufactured in the 1970s and have a little letter R inside the bottom of the Skelly logo.

The not-so-secret word "COBRALHOFA" was regularly announced on the series. During the time that Chuck was captured in some 1940 episodes, he would send out coded messages to the Captain. By taking a message and selecting every tenth word, the messages could be translated. Why ten? Because the COBRALHOFA was equal to ten letters. For example, one message was:

Hello, Captain Midnight and everybody. It sure seems a long time since I have seen you and the old home at Black Gulch. I am feeling fine. This is on my word of honor. Do as Ivan Shark asks, flying to any point he says as swiftly as an arrow. Ivan Shark is a snake, a Cobra but . . .

The second message was almost the same as the first in that the code words were repeated. Captain Midnight discovered that every tenth word in both messages were the same. He also knew that the coded words corresponded to the last five letters of the secret password, COBRALHOFA and that it was intentional for Chuck to use the word Cobra:

Hello, Captain Midnight and everybody. Please do not delay long. Fly where Ivan Shark says. I will not be home again if you refuse. To do all these things on my account is a lot, I know. Remember that flying to Ivan Shark's direction as straight as an arrow is essential...

Captain Midnight figured that Chuck would send a third message using the first part of the secret password which he alluded to in the earliest message. And. a third arrived:

Hello Captain Midnight. This is your last chance to come to an agreement with Ivan Shark. Please think it over. If you do not agree, this will be the bridge that will separate us forever. You should do the right thing. The thing that will surely bring us together at last . . .

Once all the messages were placed in the order of the secret word, the message gave away Ivan Shark's hiding place:


Come Over Bridge Right At Long Home On Flying Arrow

13. Captain Midnight American Flag Loyalty Badge (1940), Ovaltine

----The first Captain Midnight Ovaltine radio premium was offered in the script for Friday, November 15, 1940:


The opening of the script hinted that . . .

Yes - tonight, right after our thrilling adventure with Captain Midnight, another thrill is waiting for you! It's a surprise announcement for every red-blooded young friend of Captain Midnight!

In the story, Captain Midnight presents Chuck & Joyce with this premium & explains why it is so important.

The closing commercial goes like this . . .

But now - here's thrilling news for every loyal friend of Captain Midnight! So listen closely!

You - can . . . now . . . get . . . one of Captain Midnight's own American Flag Loyalty Badges - to keep for your very own! It's exactly like the ones he has just given to Chuck Ramsey and Joyce! A badge-pin so fascinating, so exciting and unusual that you'll be the center of all eyes every time you wear it! For this pin is the most amazing patriotic emblem you ever saw!

First, let me tell you about what it looks like to others when you pin it on your coat and wear it! Then I'll tell you the amazing things you can do with this badge! Secret things that nobody will know about except you!

You see - to any outsider who sees you wearing this pin, it just looks like a fine expensively - made American Flag Pin. It's larger than most flag emblems, though, measuring almost a full inch each way!

The broad stripes and bright stars of Old Glory are enameled across the front in full color! And - the entire badge is made of genuine Victory Bronze - the very same bright gold-colored metal used for officer's insignia in the United States Army and Navy! Believe me; you'll be proud to wear this beautiful patriotic emblem, to show that you're a real red-blooded American who believes in honoring the nation's flag!

But now - let me tell you the exciting secrets of this remarkable badge. First, turn it over! You'll find on the back, cut right into the metal, a little figure of the Statue of Liberty - America's most famous patriotic monument! Won't your friends be surprised to see that - for they won't know about it till you show them!

But that's just the beginning of the surprises! Look! Right beneath the Statue of Liberty - still on the back of your American Flag Loyalty emblem - you will find a secret compartment! A concealed hiding place that you can use to carry secret messages and plans and things! And right in that secret compartment, when you receive it, will be a special document, printed on extremely thin paper that folds up into an unbelievably small space - the way secret agents often conceal important papers!

This tiny little document contains over 230 words of printing, and ten fascinating miniature drawings that every American should be familiar with! And here's the most important thing of all! There's a copy of Captain Midnight's pledge to the flag, with a place for you to sign your name, right under Captain Midnight's - when you're ready to take his pledge of loyalty!

But I won't tell you any more of what is in that secret document now - because too many others may be listening. But, there's special information you'll want to know by heart - and you'll learn all those things, when you receive your own American Flag Loyalty badge with the thrilling secret compartment on the back!

And think how your friends will envy you when you wear it! How you can mystify them with the secrets that no one else will know except other pals of Captain Midnight like yourself! And how proud you'll be to wear the emblem that Captain Midnight himself awards to those he knows are loyal Americans!

But now listen very carefully! I'm going to tell you the only way you can get one of these marvelous American Flag Loyalty badges and emblems - of your very own! They're not for sale in any store - at any price!

But all you loyal friends of Captain Midnight who drink Ovaltine, can get one if you follow these easy directions! Here's all you do! Simply print your name and address and your age plainly on any piece of paper. Put it in an envelope together with the thin metal foil seal from under the lid of a can of Ovaltine, and only ten cents in coin! Then mail it to Captain Midnight, Chicago, Illinois.

Now I'll repeat that. Just print your name and address, and your age and send it in, with one Ovaltine seal and a ten cents piece, to Captain Midnight, Chicago, Illinois. That's all there is to it! But don't delay!

Put your order in the mail tonight! Be the first one in your crowd to get a genuine American Flag Loyalty emblem and badge to mystify your friends and proudly show everyone you're a real loyal American! Send in for yours tonight! For sure!

Be sure and tune in to Captain Midnight Monday! Until then, this is ___________, your Ovaltine Announcer, saying good-bye and Happy Landings!"

14. Mystery Dial Code-o-graph & Manual (1941), Ovaltine


So called because the center of the inner disk had the cipher alphabet (scrambled letters) on it and was supposed to look like the dial knob of a radio. The secret messages to decode were always given at the end in a "Secret Squadron Signal Session."

15. Flight Commander Ring (1940-41), Ovaltine

This premium was only available via the 1941 manual; it was not offered over the airwaves. Inside the ring, on the reverse side of the crown, in raised letters, it says, "Captain Midnight Super Code 3." As explained in the manual, a message might be sent to Flight Commanders without a "code" setting. They were to look inside their rings to get the setting for their special messages.

This scarce 1941 ring from Ovaltine has eagle and shield designs on each side. The top has his emblem between the words "Flight Commander."

16. Whirlwind Whistling Ring (1940-41), Ovaltine

It was a brass fits-any-finger ring with a miniature siren on its crown. This one was used in the program by Chuck and Joyce to summon help from the drains under Hong Kong while being held prisoner by the Barracuda's Tiger Tong. The siren is very similar to others of its kind and they're not loud.

17. Aviation Wings (1940-41), Ovaltine

These looked similar to those worn by pilots on their uniforms; it was made of brass. It has nothing to identify it as a Captain Midnight item except for a piece of paper that came with it.

18. Five-Way Detect-O-Scope (1940-41), Ovaltine

A metal-and-cardboard device for sighting objects and estimating their distances.

19. Photomatic Code-O-Graph & Manual (1942-1944), Ovaltine

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Captain Midnight Code-O-Graphs were originally designed to be replaced one after the other on a yearly basis. The Photo-Matic version of the Code-O-Graph, pictured above, was manufactured in 1941 just prior to the outbreak of World War II for issue during the 1942 season. Because of the wartime metal shortage it was continued for use throughout the 1943 and 1944 seasons as well, making it the Code-O-Graph with the longest service life. In that the Mystery Dial Code-O-Graph had proved to be so popular, by pure happenstance Ovaltine had increased the amount of Photo-Matics to be produced, which in turn luckily ensured a significant number of units available throughout the war for new listeners.

According to the manual the Photo-Matic was designed to be a personalized identification badge similar to those used in defense plants of the era. The idea was for the owner to remove the photo of Captain Midnight that came with the decoder and replace it with a photo of themselves. The new picture would be fixed permanently by pushing down the four metal tabs at the picture corners so that it couldn't be removed.

All well and good, then something happened that changed everything.

Pearl Harbor!

In the early morning hours of Sunday, December 7, 1941, in a highly coordinated sneak attack from both the air and sea, the Imperial Japanese Navy destroyed most of the U.S. Pacific Fleet battleships sitting peacefully all in a row in Pearl Harbor the Hawaiian Islands, along with a good portion of the surrounding military support installations. Needless to say, the outright unprovoked attack threw the U.S. and all of her peoples into a heavily staunch war footing --- both in Europe and the Pacific.

By the time the all metal 1942 Captain Midnight decoder, which had been pre-planned for distribution well before the attack, had been stamped out, assembled, and ready to go, the readily printed operator's manual had been modified to reflect the new realities. Those realities allowed the kids, without scaring them to death, to participate against the aggressors, be they hardened battlefield troops or fifth columnists: i.e., spies. So said, the 1942 Captain Midnight Photo-Matic handbook is loaded with intentionally printed incorrect information to fool outsiders. The solution came in the form of a SPECIAL SUPER-SECRET slip of paper which was added to the manual. Remaining copies of the slip of paper is rare because Secret Squadron members were instructed to destroy it after reading the instructions. Most members seemed to have followed the orders and did just that.

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20. Captain Midnight Flight Commander Flying Cross Brass Badge & Handbook (1942), Ovaltine

This was another item orderable only from the catalog accompanying the Code-O-Graph. It was plated in 24 karat gold. The instructions that came with it told of how the inscription on the (back of the) medal had a secret setting for Flight Commanders. The inscription is: "Awarded for distinguished service and signed "Capt. Midnight" with the "SS-1" under the signature and in quotes.

It's hard to find since it is two pieces connected.

21. The 1942 Sliding Secret Compartment Ring (1942), Ovaltine


A brass ring with a crown that slides off and is hollow. Suitable only to conceal a folded postage stamp or microfilm. The ring was again issued in 1945 by Kix and was among the earliest Kix cereal Lone Ranger premiums.

22. Mystic Eye Detector Ring (1942), Ovaltine

A "look around" ring. This had a tiny stainless steel mirror in the crown, situated so that if the wearer brought his or her fist up to an eye, the viewer could see almost directly behind. This was not used in the show.

23. MJC-10 Plane Detector (1942), Ovaltine

A wartime premium consisting of a cardboard tube with "slides," inserts on onionskin paper framed by thin cardstock, which showed silhouettes of Allied and Axis aircraft. It came with an instruction sheet, also printed on onionskin that could be used to make more slides. A children's equivalent of the "aircraft recognition silhouettes" used by the Civilian Defense plane spotters.

24. Marine Corps Ring & booklet on "The Story of the Marines," (1942), Ovaltine


A ring with the Marine Corps emblem plus a brief history of the United States Marine Corp written by Captain Midnight himself.

25. Magic Blackout Lite-Ups (1942), Ovaltine

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The premium was two sheets of paper impregnated with luminous chemicals. The accompanying folder suggested ways it could be used during blackouts, such as gluing a small strip of the material at light switches, on stair steps, on flashlights, etc. In the program, this was the fallout of Dr. Barbados' portable chemical lab in the Andes when they were investigating the Phantom City. Scraps of the material were used to help people find their way in a labyrinth under the city.

26. Official Secret Handbook for Flight Commanders (1942), Ovaltine

27. Insignia Shoulder Patch (1943-44), Ovaltine

This was the conventional winged-clockface-with-hands-at-twelve Secret Squadron symbol/logo. It was introduced in the story where Chuck was flying an experimental jet in England and had to land at a military field, without identification. After he was rescued by the intervention of Sir Allen Brundage, the Squadron decided on a patch ID. Ovaltine offered it as a shoulder patch.

28. Magni-Magic Code-O-Graph & Manual (1943-44), Ovaltine


So called because the center of the rotor was a magnifying glass. This was the first of the dated Code-O-Graphs. The manual had "key messages" scattered throughout that were printed in a typeface so small that the owner needed to use the lens to read them. Brass was still a critical material, and the badge was actually stamped sheet steel, with a "gold" paint atop it.

The lens in the rotor was plastic, of course--indeed, all postwar Code-O-Graphs were at least partially plastic; one was completely plastic--and scratched easily. A Squadron member might pass a note to a friend who was also a Squadron member. The note might say, "KM-3," meaning "Expect important news soon."

29. Mirro-Flash Code-O-Graph & Manual (1946), Ovaltine


Made from burnished bronze medal, the center of the rotor on this one was a mirror. The manual described the mirror as a "reducing" mirror, so that the user would be able to survey a room unobtrusively. The only weakness this unit had was that the pin on the back snapped off easily.

30. Mystic Aztec Sun God Ring (1946), Ovaltine

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This was a "souvenir" of a Mexican adventure by the Squadron. It looked good: it had a red-plastic "ruby" that slid off: it was hollow, and thus the ring had a secret compartment. The difficulty was that the stone slid off too easily. Most that survive intact today had something crammed into the secret compartment to make it harder for the ruby to slip off.

31. Whistling Code-O-Graph & Manual (1947), Ovaltine


This was a plastic whistle with the cipher disk on its side. It was the first non-badge Code-O-Graph, and the first, and only, all-plastic one for the radio series. The rotor popped out of this one very easily; and the cipher alphabet was on it. Fortunately, it popped back in easily, too.

32. Spy Scope (1947), Ovaltine

A miniature Galilean telescope. Extended, it was about the size of a mechanical pencil. It was black with red trim at the lenses. It worked pretty well for a Galilean. Regrettably, the red plastic rings holding the lenses were pretty fragile, so many broke.

33. Orange Shake-Up Mug (1947-49), Ovaltine

This was an 8-ounce plastic container with a blue top that could be used in the manner of a cocktail shaker to mix up Ovaltine drinks. A bas-relief picture of Captain Midnight is on its outside.

34. Mirro-Flash Code-O-Graph & Manual 1948, Ovaltine


This code-o-graph was a disaster in engineering. It had a removable red plastic back with a secret compartment. A large stainless steel mirror insert used the sun for signaling. The Code-o-graph, however, was unbelievably awkward. The cipher rotor and numbers were on two disks that held together for deciphering; only one number and one letter were visible through windows on the front. They were kept together with a ring of dimples to prevent slippage, which often didn't work. Also, the red back usually warped severely, both making it impossible to keep as a back for the unit and also causing the stainless steel mirror to pop off.

35. Initial Printing Ring (1948), Ovaltine


The ring was a souvenir of the adventure of the "Jewels of the Queen of Sheba." The ring had a removable top with an inkpad, with an initial that could be stamped on any notes to "authenticate" them. The premium has wing designs on its adjustable brass base and the top has metal cap showing clock face logo with Midnight's initials, "CM."

36. Key-O-Matic Code-O-Graph & Manual (1949), Ovaltine


This entry into the world of coding had a key to change cipher settings, which most people lost immediately. Some creative soles used a paper clip, or some such, to set the gears. It had no other features than enciphering and deciphering.

Ovaltine picked up the sponsorship of Captain Midnight in the Fall of 1940, running it as a serial until the Spring of 1949. In the Fall of 1949, a few half-hour, complete-story, programs aired, but it lost it's mojo lasting only through the middle of December. With the war and all ended the role and importance of Captain Midnight began to wane, especially with the influx of thousands if not millions of ex G.I.'s returning home, moving to suburbia and starting new families, their new additions much younger than the one time not old enough to go to war Captain Midnight listeners. The audience aged out of the system and the returning G.I.'s, although huge numbers were big on Captain Midnight and Code-O-Graphs while overseas, were never really much of a part of it after their return. Rumors say that had the radio show not been canceled, a 1950 Code-O-Graph dubbed as an Auto-Magnetic Code-O-Graph and manual were in the works.


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As to the subject of donations, for those of you who may be interested in doing so as it applies to the gratefulness of my works, I invariably suggest any funds be directed toward THE WOUNDED WARRIOR PROJECT and/or THE AMERICAN RED CROSS.

Notice the docks and ships Captain Midnight is flying over and how closely they resemble the docks and ships as seen on the map of Pearl Harbor just beneath the graphic of the 1942 Secret Squadron Manual. So too, notice how closely the plane he is flying resembles a Curtiss Wright P-40 Tomahawk.


Although it was the 1942 Code-O-Graph manual that depicted Pearl Harbor it was the year before 1941 Mystery Dial Code-O-Graph that figured so predominantly in the Secret Squadron's back-and-forth codes in the weeks well prior to the attack on Pearl Harbor.(see)

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Why the seemingly excessive over importance and continued emphasis of Captain Midnight and the attack on Pearl Harbor?

For one thing, and not everybody realizes it, but several weeks before the actual December 7, 1941 Japanese sneak attack on Pearl Harbor, in an incredible coming together of loose-knit coincidences, the writers of the Captain Midnight show, in the routine process of drafting the future continuous plot-line for the program by sifting back through the wide-ranging facts available to them as found in previously aired segments, when added together, led them to put together and present to the regular national radio listening audience the possibilities of that very same attack.

The problem was that the writers, in making the Captain Midnight program valuable, relevant, and up to date for it's listening audience, drew from everyday facts and events available to anybody. When they accumulated those bits and pieces of facts from here and there, for the writers, focused on Captain Midnight's adventures, drew the conclusion that there was a very good potential possibility in the works for an attack on Pearl Harbor. The intelligent community at large, having the same facts available to them, if they came to the same conclusion, never came forward with that conclusion, at least on a public level. The following, although not a script from the radio program, is a brief synopsis of the story as aired:

The Captain Midnight Pearl Harbor story unfolded with Major Barry Steele, a U.S. Army Intelligence officer along with two high ranking Secret Squadron members, both being Captain Midnight's wards, Chuck Ramsey and Joyce Ryan, being captured and held prisoners by one of Captain Midnight's arch foes, the Asian-based criminal known as the Barracuda. Captain Midnight launched a raid against the Barracuda's prison stronghold to free them and of which he was able to do. The night and time picked for the raid found the Barracuda elsewhere, giving Captain Midnight and the three ex-prisoners time to search the place.

Captain Midnight noticed a teakwood table in the Barracuda's living quarters and remembered seeing a similar table previously in connection with the Barracuda. Thinking the table may have more importance than simple sentimental nostalgia, Captain Midnight began examining the table much closer soon discovering a triggering device that once activated revealed a secret compartment. In the compartment was a light-sealed metal container similar ones that contained film or microfilm. Not wanting to open the container for fear of any possible film being in an undeveloped stage Captain Midnight, with Major Steele's help, took it to British Intelligence in Hong Kong to be developed.

The contents of the container was a small short-length of microfilm with no writing or words but very intricate drawings of a naval base. Captain Midnight immediately recognized the configurations of the docks and locations of the ships as being Pearl Harbor. In the past the Barracuda had always been known as a freelance criminal, however for sale to the highest bidder. Captain Midnight figured if the Barracuda was working for the Japanese military then surely the plans would indicate a possible attack on Hawaii. Before Captain Midnight was able to reach Hawaii from Hong Kong, and possibly confirm such an action between parties, his plane having been sabotaged, was forced down in the Pacific and he and all of his crew were captured by pirates.





"There is a plan for air and sea attack against San Diego, San Pedro and San Francisco, to take place about dawn either New Year's Day or the following Sunday. It is possible the attack will be made against San Diego and San Pedro first. Expecting cooperation from aliens ashore. The air attack will be by German airmen from across the border where planes are now under cover, taking off before dawn and coming over flying high. If air forces are alert, this can be broken up before they reach their objectives. Am sending you this information for want of better channels to advise. Remember Pearl Harbor."


Once Japan and the U.S. were knee deep into the war, and more-and-more a traditional invasion by the Japanese against the U.S. mainland appeared less-and-less feasible, there were at least eight known major attacks planned against America by the Axis powers that little-by-little began to surface. Unlike pretty much standard invasion procedures using a gargantuan number of ships, airplanes, tanks, and massed numbers of armed troops, all eight of the known attack plans were unconventional in nature, cost very little to implement and involved very few Axis troops and and/or infrastructure. Unlike the U.S. and her allies for D-Day the Japanese didn't have a large close by friendly landmass like Great Britain to launch from. To implement a traditional war-like invasion of North America and the United States Japan would initially have to take Dutch Harbor in the Aleutian Islands and from there secure hard land based territories heading south toward lower Alaska to Canada and then into the U.S. northwest. For the eight and more see:

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