EXPLORATIONS IN GRAND CANYON


Mysteries of Immense High
Cavern Being Brought
to Light

JORDAN IS ENTHUSED


Remarkable Finds Indicate
Ancient People Migrated
From Orient


The latest news of the progress of the explorations of what is now regarded by scientists as not only the oldest archeological discovery in the United States, but one of the most valuable in the world, which was mentioned some time ago in the Gazette, was brought to the city yesterday by G.E. Kinkaid, the explorer who found the great underground citadel of the Grand Canyon during a trip from Green River, Wyoming, down the Colorado, in a wooden boat, to Yuma, several months ago.

According to the story related to the Gazette by Mr. Kinkaid, the archeologists of the Smithsonian Institute, which is financing the expeditions, have made discoveries which almost conclusively prove that the race which inhabited this mysterious cavern, hewn in solid rock by human hands, was of oriental origin, possibly from Egypt, tracing back to Ramses. If their theories are borne out by the translation of the tablets engraved with hieroglyphics, the mystery of the prehistoric peoples of North America, their ancient arts, who they were and whence they came, will be solved. Egypt and the Nile, and Arizona and the Colorado will be linked by a historical chain running back to ages which staggers the wildest fancy of the fictionist.

A Thorough Examination

Under the direction of Prof. S. A. Jordan, the Smithsonian Institute is now prosecuting the most thorough explorations, which will be continued until the last link in the chain is forged. Nearly a mile underground, about 1480 feet below the surface, the long main passage has been delved into, to find another mammoth chamber from which radiates scores of passageways, like the spokes of a wheel.[1]

Several hundred rooms have been discovered, reached by passageways running from the main passage, one of them having been explored for 854 feet and another 634 feet. The recent finds include articles which have never been known as native to this country, and doubtless they had their origin in the orient. War weapons, copper instruments, sharp-edged and hard as steel, indicate the high state of civilization reached by these strange people. So interested have the scientists become that preparations are being made to equip the camp for extensive studies, and the force will be increased to thirty or forty persons.

Mr. Kinkaid's Report

Mr. Kinkaid was the first white child born in Idaho and has been an explorer and hunter all his life, thirty years having been in the service of the Smithsonian Institute. Even briefly recounted, his history sounds fabulous, almost grotesque.

"First, I would impress that the cavern is nearly inaccessible. The entrance is 1,486 feet down the sheer canyon wall. It is located on government land and no visitor will be allowed there under penalty of trespass. The scientists wish to work unmolested, without fear of archeological discoveries being disturbed by curio or relic hunters.

A trip there would be fruitless, and the visitor would be sent on his way. The story of how I found the cavern has been related, but in a paragraph: I was journeying down the Colorado river in a boat, alone, looking for mineral. Some forty-two miles up the river from the El Tovar Crystal canyon, I saw on the east wall, stains in the sedimentary formation about 2,000 feet above the river bed. There was no trail to this point, but I finally reached it with great difficulty.

Above a shelf which hid it from view from the river, was the mouth of the cave. There are steps leading from this entrance some thirty yards to what was, at the time the cavern was inhabited, the level of the river. When I saw the chisel marks on the wall inside the entrance, I became interested, securing my gun and went in. During that trip I went back several hundred feet along the main passage till I came to the crypt in which I discovered the mummies. One of these I stood up and photographed by flashlight. I gathered a number of relics, which I carried down the Colorado to Yuma, from whence I shipped them to Washington with details of the discovery. Following this, the explorations were undertaken.

The Passages

"The main passageway is about 12 feet wide, narrowing to nine feet toward the farther end. About 57 feet from the entrance, the first side-passages branch off to the right and left, along which, on both sides, are a number of rooms about the size of ordinary living rooms of today, though some are 30 by 40 feet square. These are entered by oval-shaped doors and are ventilated by round air spaces through the walls into the passages. The walls are about three feet six inches in thickness.

The passages are chiseled or hewn as straight as could be laid out by an engineer. The ceilings of many of the rooms converge to a center. The side-passages near the entrance run at a sharp angle from the main hall, but toward the rear they gradually reach a right angle in direction.

The Shrine

"Over a hundred feet from the entrance is the cross-hall, several hundred feet long, in which are found the idol, or image, of the people's god, sitting cross-legged, with a lotus flower or lily in each hand. The cast of the face is oriental, and the carving this cavern. The idol almost resembles Buddha, though the scientists are not certain as to what religious worship it represents. Taking into consideration everything found thus far, it is possible that this worship most resembles the ancient people of Tibet.

Surrounding this idol are smaller images, some very beautiful in form; others crooked-necked and distorted shapes, symbolical, probably, of good and evil. There are two large cactus with protruding arms, one on each side of the dais on which the god squats. All this is carved out of hard rock resembling marble. In the opposite corner of this cross-hall were found tools of all descriptions, made of copper. These people undoubtedly knew the lost art of hardening this metal, which has been sought by chemicals for centuries without result. On a bench running around the workroom was some charcoal and other material probably used in the process. There is also slag and stuff similar to matte, showing that these ancients smelted ores, but so far no trace of where or how this was done has been discovered, nor the origin of the ore.

"Among the other finds are vases or urns and cups of copper and gold, made very artistic in design. The pottery work includes enameled ware and glazed vessels. Another passageway leads to granaries such as are found in the oriental temples. They contain seeds of various kinds. One very large storehouse has not yet been entered, as it is twelve feet high and can be reached only from above. Two copper hooks extend on the edge, which indicates that some sort of ladder was attached. These granaries are rounded, as the materials of which they are constructed, I think, is a very hard cement. A gray metal is also found in this cavern, which puzzles the scientists, for its identity has not been established. It resembles platinum. Strewn promiscuously over the floor everywhere are what people call "cats eyes', a yellow stone of no great value. Each one is engraved with the head of the Malay type.

The Hieroglyphics

"On all the urns, or walls over doorways , and tablets of stone which were found by the image are the mysterious hieroglyphics, the key to which the Smithsonian Institute hopes yet to discover. The engraving on the tables probably has something to do with the religion of the people. Similar hieroglyphics have been found in southern Arizona. Among the pictorial writings, only two animals are found. One is of prehistoric type.

The Crypt

"The tomb or crypt in which the mummies were found is one of the largest of the chambers, the walls slanting back at an angle of about 35 degrees. On these are tiers of mummies, each one occupying a separate hewn shelf. At the head of each is a small bench, on which is found copper cups and pieces of broken swords. Some of the mummies are covered with clay, and all are wrapped in a bark fabric.

The urns or cups on the lower tiers are crude, while as the higher shelves are reached, the urns are finer in design, showing a later stage of civilization. It is worthy of note that all the mummies examined so far have proved to be male, no children or females being buried here. This leads to the belief that this exterior section was the warriors' barracks.

"Among the discoveries no bones of animals have been found, no skins, no clothing, no bedding. Many of the rooms are bare but for water vessels. One room, about 40 by 700 feet, was probably the main dining hall, for cooking utensils are found here. What these people lived on is a problem, though it is presumed that they came south in the winter and farmed in the valleys, going back north in the summer.

Upwards of 50,000 people could have lived in the caverns comfortably. One theory is that the present Indian tribes found in Arizona are descendants of the serfs or slaves of the people which inhabited the cave. Undoubtedly a good many thousands of years before the Christian era, a people lived here which reached a high stage of civilization. The chronology of human history is full of gaps. Professor Jordan is much enthused over the discoveries and believes that the find will prove of incalculable value in archeological work.

"One thing I have not spoken of, may be of interest. There is one chamber of the passageway to which is not ventilated, and when we approached it a deadly, snaky smell struck us. Our light would not penetrate the gloom, and until stronger ones are available we will not know what the chamber contains. Some say snakes, but other boo-hoo this idea and think it may contain a deadly gas or chemicals used by the ancients. No sounds are heard, but it smells snaky just the same. The whole underground installation gives one of shaky nerves the creeps. The gloom is like a weight on one's shoulders, and our flashlights and candles only make the darkness blacker. Imagination can revel in conjectures and ungodly daydreams back through the ages that have elapsed till the mind reels dizzily in space."

An Indian Legend

In connection with this story, it is notable that among the Hopi Indians the tradition is told that their ancestors once lived in an underworld in the Grand Canyon till dissension arose between the good and the bad, the people of one heart and the people of two hearts. Machetto, who was their chief, counseled them to leave the underworld, but there was no way out. The chief then caused a tree to grow up and pierce the roof of the underworld, and then the people of one heart climbed out. They tarried by Paisisvai (Red River), which is the Colorado, and grew grain and corn.

They sent out a message to the Temple of the Sun, asking the blessing of peace, good will and rain for people of one heart. That messenger never returned, but today at the Hopi villages at sundown can be seen the old men of the tribe out on the housetops gazing toward the sun, looking for the messenger. When he returns, their lands and ancient dwelling place will be restored to them. That is the tradition.

Among the engravings of animals in the cave is seen the image of a heart over the spot where it is located. The legend was learned by W.E. Rollins, the artist, during a year spent with the Hopi Indians.

There are two theories of the origin of the Egyptians. One is that they came from Asia; another that the racial cradle was in the upper Nile region. Heeren, an Egyptologist, believed in the Indian origin of the Egyptians. The discoveries in the Grand Canyon may throw further light on human evolution and prehistoric ages.

ARIZONA GAZETTE, MONDAY EVENING, APRIL 5, 1909


Footnote [1]

NOTE: There are a couple of major discrepancies between what is shown in the photocopy version of the Gazette and the above typed text version. Even the Gazette version is not correct. Somehow in the Gazette version between the section that reads A Thorough Examination and the next sub-titled section that reads Mr. Kinkaid's Report portions of the text have been either left out or missing. The Gazette version is apparently cut off at the bottom of column one before it goes to the top of the next column. It reads:


"Under the direction of Prof. S. A. Jordan, the Smithsonian Institute is now prosecuting the most thorough explorations, which will be continued until the last link in the chain is forged. Nearly a mile underground, about 1480 feet below the surface, the long main passage..."


Then the Gazette version jumps from the bottom of column one to the top of column two and instead of continuing starts off as follows:


"...feet ventilation of the cavern the steady draught that blows through, indicates that it has another outlet to the surface."


The above typed text version also jumps, albeit including or adding some of what is missing. Interestingly enough it does not include the sentence in the bottom quote above which is clearly visible in the Gazette version.

However, the part that is really missing between the two can be found in Footnote [7] of Buddhism In America Before Columbus. Why whoever photocopied the Gazette version felt compelled to leave out what was left out is not known. So too, for the text version. Where they got their version, only to leave out what is found in Footnote [7] is questionable.

The same is true (i.e., a jump) between the section called The Shrine and The Hieroglyphics as found in the photocopied Gazette version and the above typed version --- all of which indicates to me that across the page bottom of the columns in the Gazette version have been deleted, not copied, or cut off, if unintended or on purpose or why is not known. Notice the jump in the typed version below as well, of which nowhere does there seem to a correct version:

Over a hundred feet from the entrance is the cross-hall, several hundred feet long, in which are found the idol, or image, of the people's god, sitting cross-legged, with a lotus flower or lily in each hand. The cast of the face is oriental, and the carving

(the jump occurs here, something is missing)

this cavern. The idol almost resembles Buddha, though the scientists are not certain as to what religious worship it represents. Taking into consideration everything found thus far, it is possible that this worship most resembles the ancient people of Tibet.


So too, in the photocopied Gazette version the paragraph in the section following the words The Shrine ends after the words "The cast of the..." leaving out the rest that shows up in the typed version and not picking up again until the third paragraph where it reads "which indicates that some sort of ladder was attached." Again, if unintended or on purpose or why is not known.

The problem I have with the whole thing is both versions are presented elsewhere as "whole" when in fact they are not. When the discrepancies are discovered it casts even more doubt on what is already questionable at best.


It should be brought to the attention of the reader for their own edification that on Friday, March 12, 1909, preceding by nearly a full month the above article having been published, a small three-inch one-column-wide article, shown below under the title G.E. Kincaid Reaches Yuma, appeared stuffed away and unheralded several pages inside the paper. A clearer text version is immediately under the scanned version:




G.E. Kincaid Reaches Yuma

G.E. Kincaid of Lewiston Idaho, arrived in Yuma after a trip from Green River, Wyoming down the entire course of the Colorado River. He is the second man to make the journey and came alone in a small skiff, stopping at his pleasure to investigate the surrounding country. He left Green River in October, having a small covered boat with oars, and carrying a fine camera, with which he secured over seven hundred views of the river and canyons which are unsurpassed. Mr. Kincaid says one of the most interesting features of the trip was passing through the sluiceways at Laguna Dam. He made his perilous passage with only the loss of one oar. Some interesting archaeological discoveries were unearthed and altogether the trip was of such interest that he will repeat it next winter in the company of friends.


There are those that imply that the above small Kincaid article was "not real," created in a sense to establish a foundation for the main article being "real." However, someone went back through the Gazette microfiche files and located a copy of the original 1909 page that it appeared on:




Now, for a clear-text typed version of the larger article with all available missing portions re-inserted click HERE.


BUDDHISM IN AMERICA BEFORE COLUMBUS


WPA FEDERAL WRITERS' PROJECT


THE NARRATIVE OF HOEI SHIN


HUI SHEN: BHIKSHU





















                    EXPLORATIONS IN GRAND CANYON
        Mysteries of Immense Rich Cavern being brought to light
                           Jordan is enthused
      Remarkable finds indicate ancient people migrated from Orient

  The latest news of the progress of  the  explorations of what is now
  regarded by scientists   as   not  only  the  oldest   archeological
  discovery in the  United States, but one of the most valuable in the
  world, which was mentioned some time ago in the Gazette, was brought
  to the city yesterday by G.E. Kinkaid,  the  explorer  who found the
  great underground citadel  of the Grand Canyon during  a  trip  from
  Green River, Wyoming,  down the Colorado, in a wooden boat, to Yuma,
  several months ago.

  According to the story related to  the  Gazette  by Mr. Kinkaid, the
  archaelogists of the Smithsonian Institute, which is  financing  the
  expeditions, have made  discoveries  which almost conclusively prove
  that the race which inhabited this  mysterious cavern, hewn in solid
  rock by human  hands, was of oriental origin, possibly  from  Egypt,
  tracing back to  Ramses.   If  their  theories  are borne out by the
  translation of the tablets engraved  with heiroglyphics, the mystery
  of the prehistoric peoples of North America, their ancient arts, who
  they were and whence they came, will be solved.  Egypt and the Nile,
  and Arizona and the Colorado will be linked by a historical chain
  running back to  ages  which  staggers  the  wildest  fancy  of  the
  fictionist.

                        A Thorough Examination

  Under the direction of Prof. S. A. Jordan, the Smithsonian Institute
  is now prosecuting the most thorough  explorations,  which  will  be
  continued until the last link in the chain is forged.  Nearly a mile
  underground, about 1480  feet  below  the  surface,  the  long  main
  passage has been  delved  into, to find another mammoth chamber from
  which radiates scores of passageways, like the spokes of a wheel.

  Several hundred rooms have been discovered,  reached  by passageways
  running from the main passage, one of them having been  explored for
  854 feet and  another  634  feet.  The recent finds include articles
  which have never been known as native to this country, and doubtless
  they had their  origin  in  the   orient.    War   weapons,   copper
  instruments, sharp-edged and hard as steel, indicate  the high state
  of civilization reached by these strange people.  So interested have
  the scientists become  that preparations are being made to equip the
  camp for extensive studies, and  the  force  will  be  increased  to
  thirty or forty persons.

  Before going further into the cavern, better facilities for lighting 
  will have to be installed, for the darkness is dense and quite 
  impenetrable for the average flashlight. In order to avoid being lost, 
  wires are being strung from the entrance to all passageways leading 
  directly to large chambers. 

  How far this cavern extends no one can guess, but it is now the belief 
  of many that what has already been explored is merely the 'barracks,' 
  to use an American term, for the soldiers, and that far into the under
  world will be found the main communal dwellings of the families. The 
  perfect ventilation of the cavern, the steady draught that blows through,
  indicates that it has another outlet to the surface.


                         Mr. Kinkaid's Report

  Mr. Kinkaid was the first white child born in Idaho  and has been an
  explorer and hunter  all  his  life, thirty years having been in the
  service of the Smithsonian Institute.   Even  briefly recounted, his
  history sounds fabulous, almost grotesque.

  "First, I would impress that the cavern is nearly inaccessible.  The
  entrance is 1,486 feet down the sheer canyon wall.  It is located on
  government land and no visitor will be allowed there  under  penalty
  of trespass.  The  scientists  wish to work unmolested, without fear
  of archeological discoveries  being  disturbed  by  curio  or  relic
  hunters.

  A trip there would be fruitless, and the visitor  would  be  sent on
  his way.  The  story of how I found the cavern has been related, but
  in a paragraph: I was journeying down  the Colorado river in a boat,
  alone, looking for mineral.  Some forty-two miles up  the river from
  the El Tovar  Crystal  canyon, I saw on the east wall, stains in the
  sedimentary formation about 2,000  feet  above the river bed.  There
  was no trail  to  this point, but I finally reached  it  with  great
  difficulty.

  Above a shelf  which  hid it from view from the river, was the mouth
  of the cave.  There are steps leading from this entrance some thirty
  yards to what was, at the time the  cavern  was inhabited, the level
  of the river.  When I saw the chisel marks on the  wall  inside  the
  entrance, I became  interested, securing my gun and went in.  During
  that trip I went back several hundred  feet  along  the main passage
  till I came to the crypt in which I discovered the  mummies.  One of
  these I stood  up  and  photographed  by  flashlight.   I gathered a
  number of relics, which I carried  down  the  Colorado to Yuma, from
  whence I shipped them to Washington with details of  the  discovery.
  Following this, the explorations were undertaken.

                             The Passages

  "The main passageway  is  about 12 feet wide, narrowing to nine feet
  toward the farther end.  About 57  feet from the entrance, the first
  side-passages branch off to the right and left, along which, on both
  sides, are a number of rooms about the size of ordinary living rooms
  of today, though some are 30 by 40 feet square.  These  are  entered
  by oval-shaped doors  and are ventilated by round air spaces through
  the walls into the passages.  The  walls  are  about  three feet six
  inches in thickness.

  The passages are chiseled or hewn as straight as could  be  laid out
  by an engineer.   The  ceilings  of  many of the rooms converge to a
  center.  The side-passages near the  entrance  run  at a sharp angle
  from the main hall, but toward the rear they gradually reach a right
  angle in direction.

                               The Shrine

  "Over a hundred  feet  from the entrance is the cross-hall,  several
  hundred feet long,  in  which  are  found the idol, or image, of the
  people's god, sitting cross-legged,  with  a lotus flower or lily in
  each hand.  The cast of the face is oriental, and the  carving 


                                 


  this cavern.  The idol almost resembles Buddha, though the scientists 
  are not certain as to what religious worship it represents.  Taking 
  into consideration everything found  thus  far,  it is possible that 
  this worship most resembles the ancient people of Tibet.

  Surrounding this idol are smaller  images,  some  very  beautiful in
  form; others crooked-necked   and   distorted  shapes,   symbolical,
  probably, of good  and  evil.   There  are  two  large  cactus  with
  protruding arms, one on each side  of  the  dais  on  which  the god
  squats.  All this is carved out of hard rock resembling  marble.  In
  the opposite corner  of  this  cross-hall  were  found  tools of all
  descriptions, made of copper.  These  people  undoubtedly  knew  the
  lost art of hardening this metal, which has been sought by chemicals
  for centureis without  result.   On  a  bench  running   around  the
  workroom was some  charcoal  and other material probably used in the
  process.  There is also slag and  stuff  similar  to  matte, showing
  that these ancients smelted ores, but so far no trace  of  where  or
  how this was done has been discovered, nor the origin of the ore.

  "Among the other  finds  are  vases  or  urns and cups of copper and
  gold, made very  artistic  in design.   The  pottery  work  includes
  enameled ware and  glazed  vessels.   Another  passageway  leads  to
  granaries such as  are  found in the oriental temples.  They contain
  seeds of varous kinds.  One very large  storehouse  has not yet been
  entered, as it  is  twelve  feet high and can be reached  only  from
  above.  Two copper  hooks  extend  on the edge, which indicates that
  some sort of ladder was attached.   These  granaries are rounded, as
  the materials of which they are constructed, I think,  is a ver hard
  cement.  A gray  metal  is  also found in this cavern, which puzzles
  the scientists, for  its identity  has  not  been  established.   It
  resembles platinum.  Strewn promiscuously over the  floor everywhere
  are what people  call "cats eyse', a yellow stone of no great value.
  Each one is engraved with the head of the Malay type.

                           The Hieroglyphics

  "On all the  urns,  or  walls  over  doorways , and tablets of stone
  which were found by the image are  the mysterious hieroglyphics, the
  key to which the Smithsonian Institute hopes yet to  discover.   The
  engraving on the  tables  probably  has  something  to  do  with the
  religion of the people.  Similar  hieroglyphics  have  been found in
  southern Arizona.  Among the pictorial writings,  only  two  animals
  are found.  One is of prehistoric type.

                               The Crypt

  "The tomb or  crypt  in  which  the mummies were found is one of the
  largest of the chambers, the walls  slanting  back  at  an  angle of
  about 35 degrees.  On these are tiers of mummies, each one occupying
  a separate hewn  shelf.  At the head of each is a  small  bench,  on
  which is found copper cups and pieces of broken swords.  Some of the
  mummies are covered with clay, and all are wrapped in a bark fabric.

  The urns or  cups  on the lower tiers are crude, while as the higher
  shelves are reached, the urns are  finer  in design, showing a later
  stage of civilization.  It is worthy of note that  all  the  mummies
  examined so far have proved to be male, no children or females being
  buried here.  This  leads  to  the belief that this exterior section
  was the warriors' barracks.

  "Among the discoveries no bones  of  animals  have  been  found,  no
  skins, no clothing, no bedding.  Many of the rooms  are bare but for
  water vessels.  One  room,  about  40  by 700 feet, was probably the
  main dining hall, for cooking utensils  are  found here.  What these
  people lived on is a problem, though it is presumed  that  they came
  south in the  winter  and farmed in the valleys, going back north in
  the summer.

  Upwards of 50,000  people  could   have   lived   in   the   caverns
  comfortably.  One theory is that the present Indian  tribes found in
  Arizona are descendants  of  the serfs or slaves of the people which
  inhabited the cave.  Undoubtedly  a  good  many  thousands  of years
  before the Christian era, a people lived here which  reached  a high
  stage of civilization.   The  chronology of human history is full of
  gaps.  Professor Jordan is much enthused  over  the  discoveries and
  believes that the   find  will  prove  of  incalculable   value   in
  archeological work.

  "One thing I  have  not spoken of, may be of interest.  There is one
  chamber of the passageway to which  is  not  ventilated, and when we
  approached it a deadly, snaky smell struck us.  Our  light would not
  penetrate the gloom,  and  until stronger ones are available we will
  not know what the chamber contains.   Some  say  snakes,  but  other
  boo-hoo this idea and think it may contain a deadly gas or chemicals
  used by the ancients.  No sounds are heard, but it smells snaky just
  the same.  The  whole underground installation gives  one  of  shaky
  nerves the creeps.   The  gloom is like a weight on one's shoulders,
  and our flashlights and candles  only  make  the  darkness  blacker.
  Imagination can revel  in  conjectures  and ungodly  daydreams  back
  through the ages  that  have  elapsed till the mind reels dizzily in
  space."

                            An Indian Legend

  In connection with  this  story,  it  is notable that among the Hopi
  Indians the tradition is told that  their ancestors once lived in an
  underworld in the  Grand  Canyon till dissension arose  between  the
  good and the  bad,  the  people  of  one heart and the people of two
  hearts.  Machetto, who was their chief,  counseled them to leave the
  underworld, but there was no way out.  The chief then  caused a tree
  to grow up  and  pierce  the  roof  of  the underworld, and then the
  people of one heart climbed out.   They  tarried  by  Paisisvai (Red
  River), which is the Colorado, and grew grain and corn.

  They sent out  a  message  to  the  Temple  of the Sun,  asking  the
  blessing of peace, good will and rain for people of one heart.  That
  messenger never returned,  but today at the Hopi villages at sundown
  can be seen the old men of the tribe  out  on  the  housetops gazing
  toward the sun, looking for the messenger.  When he  returns,  their
  lands and ancient  dwelling place will be restored to them.  That is
  the tradition.

  Among the engravings of animals in  the  cave is seen the image of a
  heart over the spot where it is located.  The legend  was learned by
  W.E. Rollins, the artist, during a year spent with the Hopi Indians.

  There are two  theories of the origin of the Egyptians.  One is that
  they came from Asia; another that the racial cradle was in the upper
  Nile region.  Heeren, an Egyptologist, believed in the Indian origin
  of the Egyptians.  The discoveries  in  the  Grand  Canyon may throw
  further light on human evolution and prehistoric ages.